DIPTEROCARPACEAE FOREST IN BADAK LNG

Dipterocarpaceae is forest tree species that dominates tropical rain forests in Indonesia. This family has 13 genera and 470 species. 9 genera of Dipterocarpaceae are found in Indonesia, such us: Shorea, Dipterocarpus, Dryobalanops, Hopes, Vatica, Cotylelobium, Parashorea, Anisoptera, and Upuna. The distribution of Dipterocarpaceae in Indonesia starts from Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Lombok/Bali, Sulawesi, to Papua.

Most of Dipterocarpaceae are found in wet tropics with more than 1000 mm of rainfall per year and not more than 1500 m above sea level or often called lowland rainforest. Dipterocarpaceae prefer dry, acid-reacting, deep-solum, and clay soils. In acidic soil conditions, its roots will associate with ectomycorrhizal for their survival.

Image

Dipterocarpaceae are a large tree with a very dominant canopy. They have buttress type roots, fragrant flowers, and winged seeds. Dipterocarpaceae have high economic value: the wood is used as a building or construction material and also produce non-timber products, including oil, resin, and camphor.

Image
Image
Source: Mulawarman University and direct observation from Badak LNG (2021)
GALLERY
©2021 PT Badak NGL. All Rights Reserved.

Search